Psychoactive Substance Abuse II

National Opioid Crisis



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Impact of Drugs on Communities



Substance Use Impacts Academic Achievement

Cost of Substance Abuse


Resources Available

Evidence-based Programming Substance Abuse Prevention Programs

  • Effectiveness demonstrated in rigorous scientific evaluations
  • Effectiveness demonstrated in large studies with diverse populations or through multiple replications
  • Significant and sustained effects
    • Large longitudinal studies

Mendez Too Good for Drugs/Violence Family of Curriculum

  • Evidence-based school-based prevention curriculum
    • Uses pro-social attitudes
    • Appropriated normative beliefs
    • Identifying and managing emotions
    • Communicating effectively
    • Understanding the effects of psychoactive substances
    • Decision making skills
    • Resistance skills
  • L.E.A.D. has a partnership with the Mendez Foundation to deliver their Too Good Family of Curriculum

Opioid Overdose

  • Symptoms
    • Small, constricted “pinpoint pupils”
    • Falling asleep or loss of consciousness
    • Slow, shallow breathing
    • Choking or gurgling sounds
    • Limp body
    • Pale, blue, or cold skim


  • Narcan (Naloxone) is a prescription medicine that blocks the effects of opioids and reverses an overdoses
  • It cannot be used to get a person high.  If given to a person who has not take opioids, it will not have nay effect on him or her, since there is nor opioid overdoses to reverse
  • Naloxone is a pure opioid antagonist.  It works by reversing the depression fo the central nervous system caused by opioid


  • From 1996 through June 2014, organizations that provide community-based overdose prevention services, including provision of naloxone to laypersons, recorded more than 26,000 opioid overdose reversals in the United States.
  • In the first 8-weeks of 2017, the number of naloxone prescriptions written by physicians increased 340% compared to the same 8- week period in 2016. The number of physicians prescribing naloxone has also increased 475% over the same time period.
  • When states enact laws to increase access to naloxone, there is “a 9 to 11% reduction in opioid-related deaths.”
  • More than 1,200 law enforcement programs in the United States now supply naloxone to their personnel– resulting in thousands of lives saved.


2017 National Survey
on Drug Use & Health

  • An estimated 20.7 million people aged 12 or older needed substance use treatment
  • This translates to about 1 in 12 people needing treatment
  • Among young adults aged 18 to 25, however, about 1 in 7 needed treatment


  • In this module, you were able to …
    • Define psychoactive substances and substance abuse
    • Understand that a child’s positive relationship with trusting and caring adults is they to successful emotional and social development
    • Identify connections between L.E.A.D.’s Too Good curricula and positive behaviors
    • Gain an understanding about common drugs and their humanistic effects on individuals and communities
    • Understand the role of Narcan in combatting  opioid overdose epidemic and understand the need for long-term treatment

Module 1 is Complete

You May Take Module 1 Quiz Now